Recitation by Ahmad al hawashi




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How the Holy Quran was written and compiled? Part -4

Bismillahir Rahman nir Raheem

Assalam oalaikum,
The Holy Qur'an continued to be read according to the seven ahruf till
half way through Caliph Uthman's (ra) rule. After this there was some
confusion in the outlying provinces regarding the Qur'an's recitation.
Some Arab tribes started bragging about the superiority of their
ahruf. This started a rivalry between the different tribes. Besides
this s some new Muslims also began to mix up the various forms of
recitation out of ignorance.
"We [Allah] have, without doubt, sent down the Message [The Noble
Quran]; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption). (The Noble
Quran, 15:9)"
Hazrat Uthman (ra) noticed that the copies of the Holy Quran were
written in different dialects. In some cases they were changed to
sound precisely like the other dialects. He ordered to burn them
because they did not use the proper Arabic language that was revealed
upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (saw). In some copies of the Quran
the words were completely different because of the difference between
the dialects that were rampant in those days, in Arabia. Hazrat
Uthman (ra) compiled all of the Surahs (Chapters) of the Holy Quran
that had been written during the time of Prophet Muhammad (saw) in the
city of Madina and formed the present day true copy of the Holy Quran.
So Hazrat Uthman (ra) acted in a timely and wise way and performed the
Herculean task of compiling the Quran into one single book. All the
copies of the Quran, besides the original Quraishi harf of the Quran,
were burnt in order to preserve the Quran.
Since the various Arabic dialects had problems with each others, so
standardizing the Holy Quran with its original Quraishi dialect was
the need of the hour.

Hazrat Uthman (ra) decided to produce official copies of the Holy
Qur'an (according to the dialect of the Quraysh) and dispatch them
along with the Qur'anic reciters to the chief Islamic centres. His
decision was backed up by Sahaabah and consequently all unofficial
copies of the Qur'an were destroyed.
Thus the Holy Qur'an, which is available through out the world today,
is written and recited only according to the harf of the Quraysh
tribe.




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1 Al-Fatiha (The Opening), سورة الفاتحة
2 Al-Baqara (The Cow), سورة البقرة

3 Al-Imran (The Family of Imran),سورة آل عمران

4 An-Nisa (The Women),سورة النساء

5 Al-Ma'ida (The Table),سورة المائدة
6 Al-An'am (The Cattle),سورة الأنعام
7 Al-A'raf (The Heights),سورة الأعراف
8 Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War), سورة الأنفال
9 At-Taubah (The Repentance), سورة التوبة
10 Yunus (Jonah),سورة يونس
11 Hud (Hud),سورة هود
12 Yusuf (Joseph),سورة يوسف
13 Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder), سورة الرعد
14 Ibrahim (Abraham),سورة ابراهيم
15 Al-Hijr (The Stoneland, The Rock City),سورة الحجر
16 An-Nahl (The Bee), سورة النحل
17 Al-Isra (Night Journey,Children of Israel), سورة الإسراء
18 Al-Kahf (The Cave),سورة الكهف
19 Maryam (Mary),سورة مريم
20 Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha),سورة طه
21 Al-Anbiya (The Prophets),سورة الأنبياء
22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj),سورة الحج
23 Al-Muminun (The Believers),سورة المؤمنون
24 An-Noor (The Light),سورة النور
25 Al-Furqan (The Criterion),سورة الفرقان
26 Ash-Shu'ara (The Poets),سورة الشعراء
27 An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants),سورة النمل
28 Al-Qasas (The Stories),سورة القصص
29 Al-Ankabut (The Spider),سورة العنكبوت
30 Ar-Rum (The Romans),سورة الروم
31 Luqman (Luqman),سورة لقمان
32 As-Sajdah (The Prostration),سورة السجدة
33 Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Combined Forces),سورة الأحزاب
34 Saba (Saba, Sheba),سورة سبأ
35 Fatir (Orignator),سورة فاطر
36 Ya-Seen (Ya-seen),سورة يس
37 As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks),سورة الصافات
38 Saad (The Letter Saad),سورة ص
39 Az-Zumar (The Troops, Throngs),سورة الزمر
40 Ghafir (The Forgiver),سورة غافر
41 Fussilat (Explained In Detail),سورة فصلت
42 Ash-Shura (Council, Consultation),سورة الشورى
43 Az-Zukhruf (Ornaments Of Gold),سورة الزخرف
44 Ad-Dukhan (Smoke),سورة الدخان
45 Al-Jathiya (Crouching),سورة الجاثية
46 Al-Ahqaf (The Wind-curved Sandhills),سورة الأحقاف
47 Muhammad (Muhammad),سورة محمد
48 Al-Fath (Victory, Conquest),سورة الفتح
49 Al-Hujraat (The Rooms),سورة الحجرات
50 Qaf (The Letter Qaf),سورة ق
51 Adh-Dhariyat (The Winnowing Winds),سورة الذاريات
52 At-Tur (The Mount),سورة الطور
53 An-Najm (The Star),سورة النجم
54 Al-Qamar (The Moon),سورة القمر
55 Ar-Rahman (The Beneficent, The Mercy Giving),سورة الرحمن
56 Al-Waqia (The Event, The Inevitable),سورة الواقعة
57 Al-Hadid (The Iron), سورة الحديد
58 Al-Mujadila (The Pleading Woman),سورة المجادلة
59 Al-Hashr (Exile, Banishment),سورة الحشر
60 Al-Mumtahina (She That Is To Be Examined),سورة الممتحنة
61 As-Saff (The Ranks),سورة الصف
62 Al-Jumua (The Congregation, Friday),سورة الجمعة
63 Al-Munafiqoon (The Hypocrites),سورة المنافقون
64 At-Taghabun (Mutual Disillusion),سورة التغابن
65 At-Talaq (Divorce),سورة الطلاق
66 At-Tahrim (The Prohibition),سورة التحريم
67 Al-Mulk (The Sovereignty),سورة الملك
68 Al-Qalam (The Pen),سورة القلم
69 Al-Haaqqah (The Reality),سورة الحاقة
70 Al-Maarij (The Ascending Stairways),سورة المعارج
71 Nuh (Nooh),سورة نوح
72 Al-Jinn (The Jinn),سورة الجن
73 Al-Muzzammil (The Enshrouded One),سورة المزمل
74 Al-Muddaththir (The Man Wearing A Cloak),سورة المدثر
75 Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection),سورة القيامة
76 Al-Insan (The Man),سورة الإنسان
77 Al-Mursalat (The Emissaries),سورة المرسلات
78 An-Naba (The Tidings),سورة النبأ
79 An-Naziat (Those Who Drag Forth),سورة النازعات
80 Abasa (He Frowned),سورة عبس
81 At-Takwir (The Overthrowing),سورة التكوير
82 Al-Infitar (The Cleaving),سورة الإنفطار
83 Al-Mutaffifin (The Defrauding),سورة المطففين
84 Al-Inshiqaq (The Sundering),سورة الإنشقاق
85 Al-Burooj (The Mansions Of The Stars),سورة الإنشقاق
86 At-Tariq (The Nightcomer),سورة الطارق
87 Al-Ala (The Most High),سورة الأعلى
88 Al-Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming),سورة الغاشية
89 Al-Fajr (The Dawn),سورة الفجر
90 Al-Balad (The City),سورة البلد
91 Ash-Shams (The Sun),سورة الشمس
92 Al-Lail (The Night),سورة الليل
93 Ad-Dhuha (The Morning Hours),سورة الضحى
94 Al-Inshirah (The Relief),سورة الشرح
95 At-Tin (The Fig, The Figtree),سورة التين
96 Al-Alaq (The Clot, Recite),سورة العلق
97 Al-Qadr (Power, Fate),سورة القدر
98 Al-Bayyina (The Clear Proof),سورة البينة
99 Az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake),سورة الزلزلة
100 Al-Adiyat (The Courser),سورة العاديات
101 Al-Qaria (The Calamity),سورة القارعة
102 At-Takathur (The Piling Up, Competition),سورة التكاثر
103 Al-Asr (The Declining Day),سورة العصر
104 Al-Humaza (The Traducer),سورة الهمزة
105 Al-Fil (The Elephant),سورة الفيل
106 Quraish (Quraish),سورة قريش
107 Al-Ma'un (The Small Kindnesses),سورة الماعون
108 Al-Kawthar (Abundance, Plenty),سورة الكوثر
109 Al-Kafirun (The Disbelievers),سورة الكافرون
110 An-Nasr (Succour, Divine Support),سورة النصر
111 Al-Masad (The Palm Fibre),سورة المسد
112 Al-Ikhlas (Sincerity),سورة الإخلاص
113 Al-Falaq (The Daybreak, Dawn),سورة الفلق
114 Al-Nas (Mankind),سورة الناس


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