Recitation By Abdul Basit Abdul Samad Urdu Translation




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How the Holy Quran was written and compiled? Part -1
Bismillahir Rahman nir Raheem


Assalam oalaikum,

Initially the entire Holy Quran was written by the Sahaba (ra) under
the guidance of Prophet Mohammad (saw). Since paper was not commonly
available in those days, in Arabia, the Sahaba (ra) used to write down
on smooth surfaces of stones/rocks, scrolls of leather, large tree
leaves, the bark of date tree, slates of bamboo etc.
In this way the Quran had been written down on various parchments,
scrolls etc but separately. It was yet to acquire the form of a book.
The compilation of the Holy Quran in the form of a book was done on
two occasions, after the death of Prophet Mohammad (saw).
The first compilation was done by Hazrat Abu Bakr Sideeque (ra), who
was the first Caliph of Islam. It so happened that after the death of
Prophet Mohammad (saw) Muslims began to leave the fold of Islam in
large numbers. Many began to follow false prophets. This created a
chaotic situation. In order to control this situation Hazrat Abu Baqr
Sideeque (ra) had to dispatch a large army of Sahaba (ra).
In the Battle of Yamamah a large number of Sahaba lost their lives in
their quest to destroy the traitors. At this critical juncture, Hazrat
Umar (ra) felt the need to compile the Holy Quran in the form of a
book. He thought that with the death of so many huffaz (those who had
learnt Quran by heart) portions of the Quran will be lost. Hazrat Abu
Baqr Sideeque too realized the gravity of the situation. Therefore, he
chose Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit (ra) who was a Qari as well as
Hafiz-e-Quran and assigned to him the daunting and uphill task of
compiling the Quran. Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit (ra) was chosen for the
compilation work due to a special reason. Hazrat Gibreel (ra) used to
visit our beloved Prophet and recite before him the amount of Quran
that had been revealed till that time. In the last year of Prophet
Mohammad (saw) Hazrat Gibreel (ra) had recited the entire Quran twice
before him. Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit (ra) had the privilege to listen to
Hazrat Gibreel (ra)’s second and last recital as he was with Prophet
Mohammad (saw) at that time. So he had the honor to hear to every word
of Hazrat Gibreel (ra)’s recitation. This was the special reason why
he was assigned such a tough task.
Initially, the Sahaba found this task too difficult to handle because
this type of work had not been done during the life of Prophet
Mohammad (saw). However, ultimately they realized the need of the
compilation and Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit (ra)negan to collect the
Quranic Surahs from the memories of the Sahaaba and also from the
parchments, scrolls, leather, stone etc on which the Quran was
initially written.
Thus came into existence the first bound copy of the Holy Quran in
which the Surahs were written in order of their revelation. The main
purpose of the first compilation was only to provide people with
reference, so that it would become easier for people to refer to it
and check up on any verse/aayat of the Quran. This copy of the Holy
Quran remained with Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) until he was alive. After his
death Hazrat Umar (ra) took possession of it. Before his death he
handed over this copy to his daughter Hazrat Hafsa (ra) and it
remained with her till the second compilation.



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Al-Fatiha (The Opening), سورة الفاتحة
Al-Baqara (The Cow), سورة البقرة
Al-Imran (The Family of Imran),سورة آل عمران
An-Nisa (The Women),سورة النساء
Al-Ma'ida (The Table),سورة المائدة
Al-An'am (The Cattle),سورة الأنعام
Al-A'raf (The Heights),سورة الأعراف
Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War), سورة الأنفال
At-Taubah (The Repentance), سورة التوبة
10 Yunus (Jonah),سورة يونس
11 Hud (Hud),سورة هود
12 Yusuf (Joseph),سورة يوسف
13 Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder), سورة الرعد
14 Ibrahim (Abraham),سورة ابراهيم
15 Al-Hijr (The Stoneland, The Rock City),سورة الحجر
16 An-Nahl (The Bee), سورة النحل
17 Al-Isra (Night Journey,Children of Israel), سورة الإسراء
18 Al-Kahf (The Cave),سورة الكهف

19 Maryam (Mary),سورة مريم

20 Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha),سورة طه

21 Al-Anbiya (The Prophets),سورة الأنبياء

22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj),سورة الحج

23 Al-Muminun (The Believers),سورة المؤمنون

24 An-Noor (The Light),سورة النور

25 Al-Furqan (The Criterion),سورة الفرقان

26 Ash-Shu'ara (The Poets),سورة الشعراء

27 An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants),سورة النمل

28 Al-Qasas (The Stories),سورة القصص

29 Al-Ankabut (The Spider),سورة العنكبوت

30 Ar-Rum (The Romans),سورة الروم

31 Luqman (Luqman),سورة لقمان

32 As-Sajdah (The Prostration),سورة السجدة

33 Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Combined Forces),سورة الأحزاب

34 Saba (Saba, Sheba),سورة سبأ

35 Fatir (Orignator),سورة فاطر

36 Ya-Seen (Ya-seen),سورة يس

37 As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks),سورة الصافات

38 Saad (The Letter Saad),سورة ص
39 Az-Zumar (The Troops, Throngs),سورة الزمر
40 Ghafir (The Forgiver),سورة غافر
41 Fussilat (Explained In Detail),سورة فصلت
42 Ash-Shura (Council, Consultation),سورة الشورى
43 Az-Zukhruf (Ornaments Of Gold),سورة الزخرف
44 Ad-Dukhan (Smoke),سورة الدخان
45 Al-Jathiya (Crouching),سورة الجاثية
46 Al-Ahqaf (The Wind-curved Sandhills),سورة الأحقاف
47 Muhammad (Muhammad),سورة محمد
48 Al-Fath (Victory, Conquest),سورة الفتح
49 Al-Hujraat (The Rooms),سورة الحجرات
50 Qaf (The Letter Qaf),سورة ق
51 Adh-Dhariyat (The Winnowing Winds),سورة الذاريات
52 At-Tur (The Mount),سورة الطور
53 An-Najm (The Star),سورة النجم
54 Al-Qamar (The Moon),سورة القمر
55 Ar-Rahman (The Beneficent, The Mercy Giving),سورة الرحمن
56 Al-Waqia (The Event, The Inevitable),سورة الواقعة
57 Al-Hadid (The Iron), سورة الحديد
58 Al-Mujadila (The Pleading Woman),سورة المجادلة
59 Al-Hashr (Exile, Banishment),سورة الحشر
60 Al-Mumtahina (She That Is To Be Examined),سورة الممتحنة
61 As-Saff (The Ranks),سورة الصف
62 Al-Jumua (The Congregation, Friday),سورة الجمعة
63 Al-Munafiqoon (The Hypocrites),سورة المنافقون
64 At-Taghabun (Mutual Disillusion),سورة التغابن
65 At-Talaq (Divorce),سورة الطلاق
66 At-Tahrim (The Prohibition),سورة التحريم
67 Al-Mulk (The Sovereignty),سورة الملك
68 Al-Qalam (The Pen),سورة القلم
69 Al-Haaqqah (The Reality),سورة الحاقة
70 Al-Maarij (The Ascending Stairways),سورة المعارج
71 Nuh (Nooh),سورة نوح
72 Al-Jinn (The Jinn),سورة الجن
73 Al-Muzzammil (The Enshrouded One),سورة المزمل
74 Al-Muddaththir (The Man Wearing A Cloak),سورة المدثر
75 Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection),سورة القيامة
76 Al-Insan (The Man),سورة الإنسان
77 Al-Mursalat (The Emissaries),سورة المرسلات
78 An-Naba (The Tidings),سورة النبأ
79 An-Naziat (Those Who Drag Forth),سورة النازعات
80 Abasa (He Frowned),سورة عبس
81 At-Takwir (The Overthrowing),سورة التكوير
82 Al-Infitar (The Cleaving),سورة الإنفطار
83 Al-Mutaffifin (The Defrauding),سورة المطففين
84 Al-Inshiqaq (The Sundering),سورة الإنشقاق
85 Al-Burooj (The Mansions Of The Stars),سورة الإنشقاق
86 At-Tariq (The Nightcomer),سورة الطارق
87 Al-Ala (The Most High),سورة الأعلى
88 Al-Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming),سورة الغاشية
89 Al-Fajr (The Dawn),سورة الفجر
90 Al-Balad (The City),سورة البلد
91 Ash-Shams (The Sun),سورة الشمس
92 Al-Lail (The Night),سورة الليل
93 Ad-Dhuha (The Morning Hours),سورة الضحى
94 Al-Inshirah (The Relief),سورة الشرح
95 At-Tin (The Fig, The Figtree),سورة التين
96 Al-Alaq (The Clot, Recite),سورة العلق
97 Al-Qadr (Power, Fate),سورة القدر
98 Al-Bayyina (The Clear Proof),سورة البينة
99 Az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake),سورة الزلزلة
100 Al-Adiyat (The Courser),سورة العاديات
101 Al-Qaria (The Calamity),سورة القارعة
102 At-Takathur (The Piling Up, Competition),سورة التكاثر
103 Al-Asr (The Declining Day),سورة العصر
104 Al-Humaza (The Traducer),سورة الهمزة
105 Al-Fil (The Elephant),سورة الفيل
106 Quraish (Quraish),سورة قريش
107 Al-Ma'un (The Small Kindnesses),سورة الماعون
108 Al-Kawthar (Abundance, Plenty),سورة الكوثر
109 Al-Kafirun (The Disbelievers),سورة الكافرون
110 An-Nasr (Succour, Divine Support),سورة النصر
111 Al-Masad (The Palm Fibre),سورة المسد
112 Al-Ikhlas (Sincerity),سورة الإخلاص
113 Al-Falaq (The Daybreak, Dawn),سورة الفلق
114 Al-Nas (Mankind),سورة الناس

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