Recitation By Ahmad Khalil Shaheen

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Isti'zaan or seeking permission before entering the Home (part 3)

Assalam oalaikum,

In the earlier verses of Surah Noor there was a mention of Zina (adultery) and Qazaf (punishment of adultery) and their limits. In verses 27-29 of the same Surah Allah (swt) has taught the mankind the etiquettes of entering other people’s houses in order to prevent free inter-mingling between the opposite sexes which usually becomes the underlying reason of adultery and qazaf

Here a few ahadith which will Inshallah make it clear that Prophet Mohammad (saw) vehemently opposed those who did not follow the commands of Allah (swt) regarding saying salam, then announcing one’s name and finally seeking permission to enter.

Allah Narated By Sahl bin Sa'd: A man peeped through a round hole into the dwelling place of the Prophet, while the Prophet had a Midray (an iron comb) with which he was scratching his head. The Prophet said, "Had known you were looking (through the hole), I would have pierced your eye with it (i.e., the comb)." Verily! The order of taking permission to enter has been enjoined because of that sight, (that one should not look unlawfully at the state of others).
Narated By Jabir: I came to the Prophet in order to consult him regarding my father's debt. When I knocked on the door, he asked, "Who is that?" I replied, "I" He said, "I, I?" He repeated it as if he disliked it. Sahih Bukhari: Volume 008, Book 074, Hadith Number 267.
Malik related to me from Safwan ibn Sulaym from 'Ata' ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was questioned by a man who said, "Messenger of Allah, should I ask permission of my mother to enter?" He said, "Yes." The man said, "I live with her in the house." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Ask her permission." The man said, "I am her servant." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Ask her permission. Do you want to see her naked?" He replied, "No." He said, "Then ask her permission."

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1 Al-Fatiha (The Opening), سورة الفاتحة

2 Al-Baqara (The Cow), سورة البقرة
3 Al-Imran (The Family of Imran),سورة آل عمران
4 An-Nisa (The Women),سورة النساء
5 Al-Ma'ida (The Table),سورة المائدة
6 Al-An'am (The Cattle),سورة الأنعام
7 Al-A'raf (The Heights),سورة الأعراف
8 Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War), سورة الأنفال
9 At-Taubah (The Repentance), سورة التوبة
10 Yunus (Jonah),سورة يونس
11 Hud (Hud),سورة هود
12 Yusuf (Joseph),سورة يوسف
13 Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder), سورة الرعد
14 Ibrahim (Abraham),سورة ابراهيم
15 Al-Hijr (The Stoneland, The Rock City),سورة الحجر
16 An-Nahl (The Bee), سورة النحل
17 Al-Isra (Night Journey,Children of Israel), سورة الإسراء
18 Al-Kahf (The Cave),سورة الكهف
19 Maryam (Mary),سورة مريم
20 Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha),سورة طه
21 Al-Anbiya (The Prophets),سورة الأنبياء
22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj),سورة الحج
23 Al-Muminun (The Believers),سورة المؤمنون
24 An-Noor (The Light),سورة النور
25 Al-Furqan (The Criterion),سورة الفرقان
26 Ash-Shu'ara (The Poets),سورة الشعراء
27 An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants),سورة النمل
28 Al-Qasas (The Stories),سورة القصص
29 Al-Ankabut (The Spider),سورة العنكبوت
30 Ar-Rum (The Romans),سورة الروم
31 Luqman (Luqman),سورة لقمان
32 As-Sajdah (The Prostration),سورة السجدة
33 Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Combined Forces),سورة الأحزاب
34 Saba (Saba, Sheba),سورة سبأ
35 Fatir (Orignator),سورة فاطر
36 Ya-Seen (Ya-seen),سورة يس
37 As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks),سورة الصافات
38 Saad (The Letter Saad),سورة ص
39 Az-Zumar (The Troops, Throngs),سورة الزمر
40 Ghafir (The Forgiver),سورة غافر
41 Fussilat (Explained In Detail),سورة فصلت
42 Ash-Shura (Council, Consultation),سورة الشورى
43 Az-Zukhruf (Ornaments Of Gold),سورة الزخرف
44 Ad-Dukhan (Smoke),سورة الدخان
45 Al-Jathiya (Crouching),سورة الجاثية
46 Al-Ahqaf (The Wind-curved Sandhills),سورة الأحقاف
47 Muhammad (Muhammad),سورة محمد
48 Al-Fath (Victory, Conquest),سورة الفتح
49 Al-Hujraat (The Rooms),سورة الحجرات
50 Qaf (The Letter Qaf),سورة ق
51 Adh-Dhariyat (The Winnowing Winds),سورة الذاريات
52 At-Tur (The Mount),سورة الطور
53 An-Najm (The Star),سورة النجم
54 Al-Qamar (The Moon),سورة القمر
55 Ar-Rahman (The Beneficent, The Mercy Giving),سورة الرحمن
56 Al-Waqia (The Event, The Inevitable),سورة الواقعة
57 Al-Hadid (The Iron), سورة الحديد
58 Al-Mujadila (The Pleading Woman),سورة المجادلة
59 Al-Hashr (Exile, Banishment),سورة الحشر
60 Al-Mumtahina (She That Is To Be Examined),سورة الممتحنة
61 As-Saff (The Ranks),سورة الصف
62 Al-Jumua (The Congregation, Friday),سورة الجمعة
63 Al-Munafiqoon (The Hypocrites),سورة المنافقون
64 At-Taghabun (Mutual Disillusion),سورة التغابن
65 At-Talaq (Divorce),سورة الطلاق
66 At-Tahrim (The Prohibition),سورة التحريم
67 Al-Mulk (The Sovereignty),سورة الملك
68 Al-Qalam (The Pen),سورة القلم
69 Al-Haaqqah (The Reality),سورة الحاقة
70 Al-Maarij (The Ascending Stairways),سورة المعارج
71 Nuh (Nooh),سورة نوح
72 Al-Jinn (The Jinn),سورة الجن
73 Al-Muzzammil (The Enshrouded One),سورة المزمل
74 Al-Muddaththir (The Man Wearing A Cloak),سورة المدثر
75 Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection),سورة القيامة
76 Al-Insan (The Man),سورة الإنسان
77 Al-Mursalat (The Emissaries),سورة المرسلات
78 An-Naba (The Tidings),سورة النبأ
79 An-Naziat (Those Who Drag Forth),سورة النازعات
80 Abasa (He Frowned),سورة عبس
81 At-Takwir (The Overthrowing),سورة التكوير
82 Al-Infitar (The Cleaving),سورة الإنفطار
83 Al-Mutaffifin (The Defrauding),سورة المطففين
84 Al-Inshiqaq (The Sundering),سورة الإنشقاق
85 Al-Burooj (The Mansions Of The Stars),سورة الإنشقاق
86 At-Tariq (The Nightcomer),سورة الطارق
87 Al-Ala (The Most High),سورة الأعلى
88 Al-Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming),سورة الغاشية
89 Al-Fajr (The Dawn),سورة الفجر
90 Al-Balad (The City),سورة البلد
91 Ash-Shams (The Sun),سورة الشمس
92 Al-Lail (The Night),سورة الليل
93 Ad-Dhuha (The Morning Hours),سورة الضحى
94 Al-Inshirah (The Relief),سورة الشرح
95 At-Tin (The Fig, The Figtree),سورة التين
96 Al-Alaq (The Clot, Recite),سورة العلق
97 Al-Qadr (Power, Fate),سورة القدر
98 Al-Bayyina (The Clear Proof),سورة البينة
99 Az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake),سورة الزلزلة
100 Al-Adiyat (The Courser),سورة العاديات
101 Al-Qaria (The Calamity),سورة القارعة
102 At-Takathur (The Piling Up, Competition),سورة التكاثر
103 Al-Asr (The Declining Day),سورة العصر
104 Al-Humaza (The Traducer),سورة الهمزة
105 Al-Fil (The Elephant),سورة الفيل
106 Quraish (Quraish),سورة قريش
107 Al-Ma'un (The Small Kindnesses),سورة الماعون
108 Al-Kawthar (Abundance, Plenty),سورة الكوثر
109 Al-Kafirun (The Disbelievers),سورة الكافرون
110 An-Nasr (Succour, Divine Support),سورة النصر
111 Al-Masad (The Palm Fibre),سورة المسد
112 Al-Ikhlas (Sincerity),سورة الإخلاص
113 Al-Falaq (The Daybreak, Dawn),سورة الفلق
114 Al-Nas (Mankind),سورة الناس

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