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24 An-Noor (The Light),سورة النور
25 Al-Furqan (The Criterion),سورة الفرقان
26 Ash-Shu'ara (The Poets),سورة الشعراء
27 An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants),سورة النمل
28 Al-Qasas (The Stories),سورة القصص
36 Ya-Seen (Ya-seen),سورة يس
40 Ghafir (The Forgiver),سورة غافر
Generally speaking, the word tafseer has its roots in ‘fassara’, which literally means an explanation or elucidation. However, in Islamic sciences, tafseer is described as the science through which the Al-Qur'an is understood, its meanings made cleared and its verdicts derived.
It goes without saying that the subject matter of tafseer is the most significant topic of 'uloom al-Quraan. It is, in fact, the main goal of the 'uloom al-Quraan to understand and implement the Qur'aan correctly.
The following are the sources of tafseer:
1. Tafseer of Al-Qur'an by the Qur'an itself: The greatest form of tafseer of the Quran is with the help of Quran itself. This is due to the fact that one part of Al-Qur'an explains the other. The Qur'aan often alludes to a topic, mentioning it concisely at one place and then explains it at another. In order to change the methods of presentation and encourage readers and listeners to ponder more, at many places in Al-Qur'an, questions are asked and later on answered. In some other places general statements are made which are explained later on. For example:
~Allah (swt) asks: "By at-Taariq. And what will make you understand what is at-Taariq ?." [Soorah Taariq (86):1-2]
He then replies in the next verse... "It is the piercing star (Venus)."[Soorah at-Taariq (86): 3]
~"Verily the Awliya of Allah have nothing to fear or grieve." [Soorah Al-Yoonus (10): 62]
In the next verse the word Awliya has been explained: "Those who believe and have fear" [Soorah Al-Yoonus (10): 63]
Therefore the Glorious Qur'an should be relied upon to understand its verses. Allah (swt) knows the best.
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