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1 Al-Fatiha (The Opening), سورة الفاتحة
12 Yusuf (Joseph),سورة يوسف
13 Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder), سورة الرعد
18 Al-Kahf (The Cave),سورة الكهف
19 Maryam (Mary),سورة مريم
32 As-Sajdah (The Prostration),سورة السجدة
34 Saba (Saba, Sheba),سورة سبأ
35 Fatir (Orignator),سورة فاطر
39 Az-Zumar (The Troops, Throngs),سورة الزمر
The sources of Tafseer of the Qur’an- 6
4. Tafseer of the Quran by the Arabic Language: There are many verses in the Holy Qur'an which do not have any attending circumstances of revelations in their background.
Neither do they have any juristic or educational question. Therefore, in the tafseer of such verses the statements of the Prophet Mohammad (saw) or the Sahabah and tabi'in (ra) are not reported. Due to these factors the only way in which such verses can be explained is through the Arabic language. It is only on the basis of language that these verses are explained. Apart from this if there is any difference in the explanation of a specific verse, then in such a case also, the science of linguistics has to be utilized to conduct a test of authenticity between the different opinions.
There are some verses in Al-Qur’an which can be easily understood. They have simple meanings and do not have any complexity. Such verses can be understood by their simple literal meaning only. However, this rule does not apply to the entire Quran. Interpreting the entire Qur’an on the basis of the literal meaning of its verses is not allowed.
In order to interpret Al- Qur’an a person should have full command over the following:
Arabic Grammar–(sequential as well as analytic)
Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (saw)
Shaan-e-Nuzool or the background of revelation
Interpretations by Hadith, Sahaba and Tabaeen (ra)
The Arabic proverbs
Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence
or the Usool-ul-Fiqh
Naasikh and Mansookh i. e abrogating and abrogated verses.
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