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Surah Taubah

Assalam oalaikum,

Surah Taubah is somewhat different than the other Surahs in the sense that there is no Bismillah written before it. All the remaining 113 Surahs have the Tasmiyah written at the onset, except for Surah Taubah. Let us explore the reason behind this.
At the time of revelation of Surah Taubah, Tasmiyah had not been revealed at the beginning. Neither did Prophet Muhammad (saw) ask the scribes of Wahi to write Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem at the starting.

After the death of Prophet Muhammad (saw) the Sahaaba were unsure whether Surah Taubah was a separate Surah or a continuation of the previous Surah Anfaal. To make the matter more ambiguous it was observed that both the Surahs have similar contents. Hence, it appeared that both are actually a single Surah. However, Surah Taubah was amongst the last Surahs to be revealed, a long time after Surah Anfaal. So this made it seem possible that it was a separate Surah.
When Hadrat Uthman (ra) was asked about the reason why there was no Bismillah written at the beginning of Surah al-Tawba, like it was written in the beginning of the remaining Surahs, he replied that there was some uncertainty about this surah being a separate one, because Nabi (saw) passed away without clearly mentioning anything about it. This is why Bismillah was not written at the beginning of Surah Taubah. However, since its theme is similar to that of Surah Anfal, so it was placed after it and a space for Bismillah has been kept because it is possible that this is a separate surah. (Tirmizi, Vol 2, Pg.139)

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3 Al-Imran (The Family of Imran),سورة آل عمران
12 Yusuf (Joseph),سورة يوسف
15 Al-Hijr (The Stoneland, The Rock City),سورة الحجر
16 An-Nahl (The Bee), سورة النحل
19 Maryam (Mary),سورة مريم
20 Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha),سورة طه
27 An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants),سورة النمل
28 Al-Qasas (The Stories),سورة القصص
30 Ar-Rum (The Romans),سورة الروم
31 Luqman (Luqman),سورة لقمان
32 As-Sajdah (The Prostration),سورة السجدة
33 Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Combined Forces),سورة الأحزاب
36 Ya-Seen (Ya-seen),سورة يس
37 As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks),سورة الصافات
38 Saad (The Letter Saad),سورة ص
78 An-Naba (The Tidings),سورة النبأ
79 An-Naziat (Those Who Drag Forth),سورة النازعات
80 Abasa (He Frowned),سورة عبس
81 At-Takwir (The Overthrowing),سورة التكوير
82 Al-Infitar (The Cleaving),سورة الإنفطار
83 Al-Mutaffifin (The Defrauding),سورة المطففين
84 Al-Inshiqaq (The Sundering),سورة الإنشقاق
85 Al-Burooj (The Mansions Of The Stars),سورة الإنشقاق
86 At-Tariq (The Nightcomer),سورة الطارق
87 Al-Ala (The Most High),سورة الأعلى
88 Al-Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming),سورة الغاشية
89 Al-Fajr (The Dawn),سورة الفجر
90 Al-Balad (The City),سورة البلد
91 Ash-Shams (The Sun),سورة الشمس
92 Al-Lail (The Night),سورة الليل
93 Ad-Dhuha (The Morning Hours),سورة الضحى
94 Al-Inshirah (The Relief),سورة الشرح
95 At-Tin (The Fig, The Figtree),سورة التين
96 Al-Alaq (The Clot, Recite),سورة العلق
97 Al-Qadr (Power, Fate),سورة القدر
98 Al-Bayyina (The Clear Proof),سورة البينة
99 Az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake),سورة الزلزلة
100 Al-Adiyat (The Courser),سورة العاديات
101 Al-Qaria (The Calamity),سورة القارعة
102 At-Takathur (The Piling Up, Competition),سورة التكاثر
103 Al-Asr (The Declining Day),سورة العصر
104 Al-Humaza (The Traducer),سورة الهمزة
105 Al-Fil (The Elephant),سورة الفيل
106 Quraish (Quraish),سورة قريش
107 Al-Ma'un (The Small Kindnesses),سورة الماعون
108 Al-Kawthar (Abundance, Plenty),سورة الكوثر
109 Al-Kafirun (The Disbelievers),سورة الكافرون
110 An-Nasr (Succour, Divine Support),سورة النصر
111 Al-Masad (The Palm Fibre),سورة المسد
112 Al-Ikhlas (Sincerity),سورة الإخلاص
113 Al-Falaq (The Daybreak, Dawn),سورة الفلق
114 Al-Nas (Mankind),سورة الناس

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