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8 Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War), سورة الأنفال
9 At-Taubah (The Repentance), سورة التوبة
The necessity of Tafseer of the Qur’an- 4
The Qur'an can be compared to a treasure trapped in a glass container. We can see it and benefit from it. The tafseer, on the other hand, can be compared to a key that unlocks the treasure. So the tafseer can help us in deriving the maximum benefit from the Quran.
Here are a few examples which establish the importance of tafseer and a mufassir:
Iyaas ibn Mu'aawiyah (d. 122 A.H.) said, "The example of a people who recite the Al- Qur'an but do not understand its meaning is like a group of people who have a written message from their king that comes to them during the night, and they do not have a lamp. Therefore, they do not know what is in the message. The example of one who knows tafseer is like a person who comes to them with a lamp and reads to them what is in the message."
His Successor Sa'eed ibn Jubayr (d. 95 A.H.) said, "Whoever recites the Qur'an and does not explain it, is like an ignorant person.
As-Suyootee, a religious scholar, juristic expert and a teacher who has worked on a wide variety of subjects in Islamic, said: ‘The science of tafseer is the most honorable science for 3 reasons. Firstly, it deals with the Speech of Allah (swt), which has full of wisdom and virtue. It has pronouncements about what has passed by, reports about what is going to happen and judgments regarding what happens amongst the people. Its wonders never stop. Secondly, its goal is to lead human beings to the firm handhold of Allah (swt) and to the true eternal bliss. The third reason is the great need for this science. All the aspects of this religion and this world, in the near or distant future, are in need of the sciences of the sharee'ah and knowledge of the religion, and this knowledge can only be obtained through the understanding of the Book of Allah (swt).
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