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1 Al-Fatiha (The Opening), سورة الفاتحة67 Al-Mulk (The Sovereignty),سورة الملك
68 Al-Qalam (The Pen),سورة القلم
69 Al-Haaqqah (The Reality),سورة الحاقة
70 Al-Maarij (The Ascending Stairways),سورة المعارج
71 Nuh (Nooh),سورة نوح
The sources of Tafseer of the Qur’an- 5
3. Tafseer of the Qur'aan by the Companions (ra) of the Prophet (saw):
Tafseer of the Quran by the Companions (ra) is very important for the following reasons:
They accompanied and also learned the Quran from Prophet Mohammad (saw), directly.
The Companions (ra), by virtue of their close association with the Prophet Mohammad (saw), have witnessed the revelation of Quran. They were aware of the situations in which each verse was revealed. Therefore, they understood the Quran completely.
Since they were so well-versed with the Quran so not paying attention to their opinion can give rise to many contradictory interpretations of Al-Qur'an.
The recorded statements of the Sahabaas (ra) are much more authentic and trustworthy in explaining the Holy Qur'an. Their interpretation has to be given precedence over those who came after them.
In some cases in which we do not get an explanation in the Qur'an or Hadith, the statements recorded by the Sahabaas (ra) are given the top-most priority.
Therefore, if there is a consensus of the Sahaaba (ra) on the explanation of a particular verse, the commentators have to follow only that. Giving any other explanation is not allowed. On the other hand, if the statements of the Companions (RA) are different in matter of the tafseer of a particular verse, then in such a case the commentators who come later study them in the light of disputes and decide as to which interpretation can be given preference. In order to handle such a situation effectively, there is a significant corpus of rules and regulations. These rules have been codified under the sciences of Usul al-Tafseer and Usul al-Hadeeth.
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